The COVID-19 pandemic, like most crises, has differential effects on men and women. Women are more vulnerable to the economic impacts of COVID-19, given that among other reasons, they are disproportionately employed in vulnerable sectors and hold greater responsibility for child and elder care. In the United States, 78% of those who dropped out of the labor force between August and September were women.
Undoubtedly, one long-term effect of the pandemic will be a creeping backslide of gender equality, especially in low-income countries where women’s participation in formal employment is already much lower than men’s. Men, while also feeling the economic effects of COVID-19 (albeit less pronounced), appear to have higher mortality rates from the virus than women do.